The image of the Stoic is the unfeeling, emotionless brute and the Epicurean as the pleasure-loving, self-indulgent hedonist. Famous For: Founding philosophy school of Epicureanism : Epicurus (341-270 BC) was among the most significant of the ancient Greek philosophers and the founder of the Epicurean school which is named in his honor. He was trained under a Platonist teacher, but rejected Plato's ideas that everything physical is a poor representation of the ultimate spiritual manifestation in the spirit world. “The essential Epicurus: letters, principal doctrines, Vatican sayings, and fragments” 106 Copy quote Of all the things which wisdom provides to make us entirely happy, much the greatest is … When emperor Domitian famously banished all philosophers in […] In fact, on account of the great pains that went with their lower social status, he felt they might make better use of his philosophy than wealthy men or politicians. He founded schools of philosophy that survived directly from the 4th century bc until the 4th century ad. Epicurus was a Greek philosopher who lived From 341 BC to 270 BC. Epicurus (341 - 270 B.C.) Epictetus was a Greek philosopher who lived from 50 – 135 AD. Epicurus, however, believed that both women and slaves were fully capable of apprehending philosophical ideas. Epicureanism taught that one should live a life free of pain and worry, a condition he called ataraxia, or perfect peace. Epicurus of Samos (341-270 BC), who flourished not long after Aristotle died, founded a school of philosophy that convened at his home and garden in Athens. Epicurus, Greek philosopher, author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This article provides a short overview of the main leaders of Stoic philosophy. If you are new to Stoicism, we invite you to sign up for our free 7-day course, which offers an introduction, Stoic exercises, interviews, a free book chapter from the cult Stoic bestseller The Obstacle is the Way and much more!. Epicurus was born on the island of Samos of Athenian parents who had gone there as Start studying Religion: unit 5. He was born as a slave to a wealthy household in Hierapolis (present-day Pamukkale in Turkey), later obtaining his freedom shortly after emperor Nero’s death and started teaching philosophy in Rome for nearly 25 years. Epictetus (/ ˌ ɛ p ɪ k ˈ t iː t ə s /; Greek: Ἐπίκτητος, Epíktētos; c. 50 – 135 AD) was a Greek Stoic philosopher.He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia (present day Pamukkale, Turkey) and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece for the rest of his life. Stoic and Epicurean—two words that do not mean what people think they mean. 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