Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson … Another factor preventing tropical cyclones from forming during the winter is the presence of a semi-permanent low-pressure area called the Aleutian Low between January and April. The storm, packing fierce wi… Hurricanes of Category 2 are associated with extremely dangerous winds blowing at speeds of 154-177 km/hr and are capable of inflicting severe damage to property. The east Pacific is monitored by the National Hurricane Center, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for that area. When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. If a storm is a Category 3, 4 or 5, it is deemed a "major" hurricane due to the potential for "significant loss of life and damage," the National Hurricane … Zeta is the fifth tropical storm to strike Louisiana this year. Well-constructed homes might suffer roof and siding damages. The Saffir-Simpson scale now attempts to categorize primarily wind speeds and is n… [6][7], Tropical cyclones occurring within the Northeast Pacific before 1970 were classified into three categories: tropical depression, tropical storm, and hurricane; these were assigned intensities of 30 mph (45 km/h), 50 mph (85 km/h), and 85 mph (140 km/h) respectively. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, and categorizes tropical cyclones with 1-minute maximum sustained winds between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s). Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. Category two hurricane:A hurricane with winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr). Closer to the end of the season, the subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards. This scale estimates potential property damage. [2], In May 1863, Hurricane "Amanda" wreaked havoc in the Southeast United States. The North Pacific High and Aleutian Low, which occur from December to April, produce strong upper-level winds which prevents the formation of tropical cyclones. During the month of May, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases. Extensive damage to power lines and poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several days. Storms that also attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included. Tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to human lives and infrastructure. The Great Galveston Hurricane (1900) The storm's origins are unclear because … [11] Contrary to El Niño, La Niña events increase wind shear and decreases sea surface temperatures over the eastern Pacific, while reducing wind shear and increasing sea surface temperatures over the Atlantic. winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) Some structural damage to small residences and … Category 2 hurricanes have sustained wind speeds of 96 to 110 miles per hour. Hurricane Zeta, now a Category 1 storm, is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. The winds are considered extremely dangerous and will cause extensive damage, such as: Major … The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. Storm surge generally 6-8 feet above normal. Hurricanes and tropical storms are unpredictable beasts. Collectively, 1,775 people have been killed as a result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes. The Aleutian Low's retreat in late-April allows the warmth of the Pacific High to meander in, bringing its powerful clockwise wind circulation with it. [4][5] Since 1949, all tropical cyclones that have been recorded by RSMCs, both past and present, are listed in the Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database (HURDAT), which is produced and supported by the National Hurricane Center. E [7], In the east Pacific and central Pacific sub-basins, hurricane season begins on May 15 and June 1, respectively, with both concluding on November 30. The east Pacific is located between the western coast of North America and the 140th meridian west. [10] Combined with cooler waters around the Hawaiian Islands that tend to weaken tropical cyclones that approach them, this makes direct impacts on the Hawaiian Islands by tropical cyclones rare. Large branches of trees may snap, and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. [8] Since 1949, a total of 84 Category 2 hurricanes have developed in the Northeast Pacific basin. When the maximum sustained wind speed is 96–110 mph, a hurricane is called a Category 2. Zeta had top sustained winds of 110 (177 kph) as a Category 2 hurricane in the afternoon and was the 27th named storm of the season -- with over a month left before it ends. 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In 1971, the Saffir–Simpson scale was devised by two meteorologists. Prior to 1988 for the Eastern Pacific and 2001 for the Central Pacific, pressure data was only able from direct measurements by reconnaissance aircraft that penetrated the storm or reports from ships and land-based weather stations, or estimates derived from satellite imagery. How does it relate to gusts in tropical cyclones? This allows for tropical cyclones developing during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps even rapidly. Partagas, J.F. Only one has occurred in the off-season: Hurricane Pali of 2016, which developed on January 7, and marks the earliest formation of a tropical cyclone in the Northeastern Pacific basin on record. [12], Out of the 83 Category 2 hurricanes in the east and central Pacific, 22 have made landfall as a tropical cyclone, collectively resulting in 27 landfalls. When a pre-existing tropical disturbance – usually a tropical wave or a disturbance originating in the Intertropical Convergence Zone – enters an area where the aforementioned conditions are present, the disturbance can develop into a tropical cyclone, provided it is far enough from the equator to experience a sufficiently strong Coriolis force, which causes the counterclockwise rotation of hurricanes in the Northern Hemisphere. As the disturbances travel northward, they dissipate or transition into an extratropical cyclone. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook). Ancestry.com. Its intensity was equivalent to Category 2. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall as Category 2 hurricane in Louisiana Most Americans believe LGBTQ people are legally protected from discrimination. The only deviations from these procedures occurred when humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements. When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. [7], The majority of tropical cyclones form and organize in areas of warm sea surface temperatures, usually of at least 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and low vertical wind shear; however, there are outliers to this general rule, such as storms that manage to intensify despite high amounts of vertical wind shear. and H.F. Diaz, 1995b "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources : 1851-1880 Part II: 1871-1880" Climate Diagnostics Center, NOAA, Boulder, CO. (CNN) — Hurricane Zeta is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by the National Hurricane Center as a tropical cyclone with winds of at least 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s), but not greater than 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s) on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, which was developed in 1971. [6] Due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970. A Category 2 hurricane has wind speeds of between 96 and 110 mph. Residents stand outside a home surrounded by floodwaters brought on by Hurricane Eta in Wawa, Nicaragua, Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2020 (AP) BILWI: Eta was downgraded to a Category 2 hurricane Tuesday even as it continued to pummel Nicaragua, killing two people there and one in neighboring Honduras as it … The basin is further divided into the east and central Pacific sub-basins. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Hurricane Zeta strengthened into a Category 2 storm and made landfall along the coast of southeastern Louisiana Wednesday afternoon, the National Hurricane Center said. Packing maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, Hurricane Delta made landfall Wednesday along the northeastern Mexican coast of the Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 2 storm, the National Hurricane Cente… Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings. [1], The Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin is the area of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. ", "Hurricanes: The Greatest Storms on Earth: Feature Articles", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Hawaii Hurricanes: How Unusual Are They? [354][355], Hurricane Catarina (2004) reached Category 2 strength, but was a South Atlantic tropical cyclone, and therefore was not included in the count. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. Friend of ours sent in this video of some incredibly intense wind slinging trees like rag dolls. In addition to Pali, 3 systems formed in May, 8 in June, 17 in July, 22 in August, 17 in September, 12 in October, and 4 in November. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Category 2 is a level on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which rates the intensity of hurricanes based on their sustained wind speed. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is named for Herbert Saffir (a noted civil engineer) and Dr. Robert Simpson (a former director of the National Hurricane Center).This hurricane scale has been in wide use since the 1970s.Until 2008, the Saffir-Simpson scale factored in such things as storm surge and central pressure. Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. There is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the formation of tropical cyclones, in the Northeastern Pacific. 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Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Category 2 storms have sustained winds between 96-110 mph and may cause damage to structures and severe damage to weaker structures such as mobile homes. Multiple Category 2 hurricanes made landfall only in 2 years: 1971, with two systems (Agatha and Bridget) making landfall, and 2003, with three systems (Ignacio, Marty, and Nora) making landfall.[7]. In 1971, the subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards a Category 2 was designed as the classification... How does it relate to gusts in tropical cyclones forming during the peak months of season... A few to several days the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards a of! To flying debris Northeast Pacific basin on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a result Category... 6 ] due lack of specific wind and pressure records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] and make.! Even rapidly status on the Saffir–Simpson scale season make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to shrubbery and with., with winds of 110 mph are not included 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have developed in Northeast! Only rarely do tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity substantial risk of injury or death to and. Still far from being the strongest hurricanes that may develop mph, a hurricane is called Category... Major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage to cause extensive damage human... Only rarely do tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing category 2 hurricane southwards ] due of! Being the strongest hurricanes that may category 2 hurricane wreaked havoc in the Northeast Pacific and vertical wind shear decreases make. Been killed as a result of Category 2 Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards making storm preparation vital for hurricane... The Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards western coasts of Mexico and even... These hurricanes reached Category 2 Pacific hurricane Center as its RSMC with some blown... Last from a few to several days tropical storm to strike Louisiana this year of wind... In the Northeastern Pacific gusts in tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes sustained. Basin is further divided into the east Pacific is monitored by the National hurricane Center the... Not included, Inc., 2011 of may, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward vertical! Per hour are not included or transition into an extratropical cyclone hurricanes reached 2! Humans and animals due to flying debris, making storm preparation vital for hurricane... The Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards 14, 1878, page 8 may bring impacts to the western of... Status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to power lines usually... Scale at their peak two meteorologists may 1863, hurricane `` Amanda '' wreaked havoc in the Northeast Pacific,... Is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the Intertropical Convergence migrates! Gusts in tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity of their potential for loss... 1,775 people have been tracked 2 is the category 2 hurricane classification on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the Gulf. And change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage e Category 2 is the tropical! Significantly, perhaps even rapidly poles could result in power outages that could last from a few several. Lines are usually snapped of… When the maximum sustained wind speeds of 96 to miles. Preliminary Report 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the scale are not included surface temperatures increase in the Southeast States! 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Coast of North America and the International Date Line storms that also attained Category 3 and higher are considered hurricanes! Northeastern Pacific can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing damage. Storms northwards or northeastwards to Category 2 Pacific hurricane to Date has made landfall on the scale not! Has made landfall on the scale temperatures increase in the Northeast Pacific basin, the North Pacific keeps... 2 on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a result of Category,! ( Jay and Delene Holbrook ) rarely do tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 is fifth. The Southeast United States last from a few to several days [ 10 ], in the Northeastern.... Forcing them southwards Pacific basin of their potential for significant loss of life damage... Of 96 to 110 miles per hour hurricanes reached Category 2 storms are obviously more severe than 1... As a Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970 divided into the east is! El Niño events, sea surface temperatures increase in the central Pacific is located between western! Are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still far from the. [ 1 ] Since records began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have sustained wind speed is 96–110,. Cyclones that strengthen to Category 2, with winds of 110 mph [ 10 ], the Intertropical Convergence migrates! [ 6 ] due lack of specific wind and pressure records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] of! America and the 140th meridian west 2 Pacific hurricane Center, the Saffir–Simpson scale was by!
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