Vulnerable in Queensland and threatened internationally (IUCN Red List) Did you know? They are listed as vulnerable by the IUCN and have already disappeared from areas such as Hong Kong, Mauritius, Taiwan, and other parts of Asia. Dugongs are shy, elusive marine mammals that depend on healthy seagrass meadows for their diet. This publication offers a 10-year plan which, if fully implemented, will go a long way to ensuring the maintenance of viable populations of the eastern chimpanzee across much of its existing range. Hines et al. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. important questions to be answered regarding the status of endangered and elusive marine species, including the whale shark Rhyncodon typus (Rowat 2007), a number of marine mammal species (Dolar et al. Search for IUCN Resolutions and Recommendations using multiple search criteria below or … Please enter your e-mail address and password below. Status. This platform makes Resolutions and Recommendations easier to search and more accessible to all IUCN constituencies. Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species How Does the Green Status of Species Define Recovery? IUCN Resolutions and Recommendations are the body of IUCN’s general policy. Feeding is the dugong’s principal activity, consuming up to 25kg of seagrass per day. Version 2020-3. It is hoped that the comparative information provided will enable individual countries to develop their own, more detailed, conservation plans. A dugong will sometimes breathe by ‘standing’ on its tail, with its head above water. Dugongs are threatened by sea grass habitat loss or degradation because of coastal development or industrial activities that cause water pollution. 1997), as well as the dugong Dugong dugon (e.g. Young Dugongs stay with their mothers for the first few months of life. In March of this year, a dugong was found dead in the fishing port in Nakijin. Eastern chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) : status survey and conservation action plan 2010-2020 The eastern chimpanzee is classified as endangered and of global conservation concern. If there is not enough sea grass to eat then the dugong does not breed normally. Applicants are asked to create an account and submit their profile information including their CV and to upload a letter of motivation. To identify issues of concern and to provide recommendations in research and conservations actions to ensure their long-term conservation. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species lists the dugong (Dugong dugon) as vulnerable throughout its range (IUCN 2006). IUCN is an equal opportunity employer and welcomes applications from qualified women and men. The dugong has a large range that covers approximately 37 countries and territories. The IUCN lists the dugong as a species vulnerable to extinction, while the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species limits or bans the trade of derived products. 2005, 2008, WWF EAME 2004). The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine. In recent years—there has been an encouraging and widespread increase in interest in dugong biology and management. It contains information on dugong distribution and abundance, threatening processes, legislation, and existing and suggested research and management initiatives for the countries and territories in the dugongs known range. This is the most spectacular and biggest coral reef system globally, which used to have a health status of “significant concern.” This status is based on the classification system set by the IUCN or the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine. Sirenia (dugongs and manatees) The mission of the IUCN SSC Sirenia Specialist Group (SSG) is to contribute to increase current knowledge on status and distribution of Order Sirenia across the entire geographic range of its distribution. The dugong, also known as the sea cow, is adapted for life in the sea with a streamlined body, wedge-shaped tail and strong flippers. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. This creature can support a weight of 400kg, reach lengths of up to five metres, and is able to sustain life on earth for up to 70 years. The only other true species of dugong (Hydrodamalis gigas) was hunted to extinction in 1767, just 36 years after its discovery. The Great Barrier Reef, or GBR in Australia, a UNESCO World Heritage site, now has an IUCN status of “critical” because of climate change. It is believed that Palauan waters support one of the most isolated … The dugong (Dugong dugon), classified as Vulnerable (IUCN, 2012), is a case in point, having shown considerable reductions across many seascapes of the Indo-Pacific region [20]. For UPSC IUCN status is important. They are sometimes called "sea cows" as they eat large amounts of sea grass. IUCN Red List India (As of March 2019) The list contains critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species. A dugong can remain underwater for up to 6 minutes. . Status konservasi; Rentan: IUCN: 6909: Taksonomi; Kerajaan: Animalia: Filum: Chordata: Kelas: Mammalia: Ordo: Sirenia: Famili: Dugongidae: Genus: Dugong: Spesies: Dugong dugon Müller, 1776: Distribusi; Duyung atau dugong (Dugong dugon) adalah sejenis mamalia laut yang merupakan salah satu anggota Sirenia atau sapi laut yang masih bertahan hidup selain manatee dan mampu mencapai usia … They were similar in appearance to Dugong dugon but substantially bigger with a body length of a massive 7 – 10 meters and weighing in at be… DUGONG DUGON. World Dugong Day 2020 | UPSC World Dugong Day 2020: Marine mammal fighting for survival in Indian waters.Conservation only way to save species from extinction of Dugong. This plan presents a global overview of the status of the dugong and its management throughout its range. Female Dugongs can give birth to one calf per pregnancy and birth every 3 to 7 years over their 70-year lifespan. This plan presents a global overview of the status of the dugong and its management throughout its range. The dugong, Dugong dugon, is a large mammal that lives its whole life in the sea.. This led Hideki Yoshikawa and his team at the Save the Dugong Campaign Center to petition the IUCN … This makes the conservation of their shallow water marine habitat very important. Although dugongs have an estimated lifespan of some 70 years, they reproduce slowly. They live in warm, shallow areas where the sea grass grows. The dugong (Dugong dugon) exists as the only known herbivorous marine mammal and is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as being vulnerable to extinction due to human activities and hunting. PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018: Dugong and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ... Observer and consultative status at the United Nations, Global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. As air-breathing mammals, dugongs must return to the surface every five to 10 minutes. To apply online for any of the numbered positions below, click on the position to open the vacancy announcement and press "apply". Location: Shark Bay in WA across Australia’s northern coastline to Moreton Bay, QLD. It has a range spanning some 37 countries, including tropical and subtropical coastal and island waters. . Now an international agency has confirmed this status. To communicate dugongs use chirps, whistles and barks. #Threats. The dugong (Dugong dugon (Muller)), its present status in the seas around India with observations of its behaviour in captivity. The Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait, located between northwest Sri Lanka and southeast India (Fig. There are 4 species in the dugong family, 3 out of the 4 are manatees and only 1 is dugong: “Dugong dungon”, which is the species we have here in North Sulawesi. International Zoological Year Book 7:215–220. Threats. It is classified as Vulnerable by The World Conservation Union (IUCN, 2000), and all populations of dugong are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The list is updated by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) from time to time as per the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 1996. Worldwide, the dugong is listed under the IUCN - the World Conservation Union - Red List of Threatened Animals as being vulnerable to extinction. by Eros, Carole, Hugues, Joanna, Marsh, H. (Helene), Penrose, Helen. A more common amount of time though is 2 ½ minutes. It has a range spanning some 37 countries, including tropical and subtropical coastal and island waters. The global dugong (sea cow, or manatee) population continues to decline and the species has been listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Conservation status Dugongs are considered relatively abundant in Australian waters where they are legally protected by all States and the Commonwealth. The IUCN Red List is a critical indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity. To save searches and access a historical view of information you have downloaded you are required to register for an account. Whereas aerial surveys are usually recommended Dugongs can travel up to 20 km/ph (12.4mph) over a short distance. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Fun Facts about Dugongs! They also often become victims of bycatch, the accidental entanglement in fishing nets. Since Dugong populations increase slowly, at greatest by 5% annually, their population is vulnerable. Threatened Status: Listed as vulnerable in Queensland (Nature Conservation Act 1992 – QLD) and globally threatened (IUCN Red List). Baby dugongs are also famously cute! Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. Dugong : First Meeting on Dugong Conservation in the Indian Ocean and South-east Asia Region: 23.08.2005: Thailand : Dugong : Second Meeting on Dugong Conservation and Management: 15.05.2006: Thailand : Dugong : Third Meeting on Dugong Conservation and Management: 28.10.2007: United Arab Emirates : Dugong UCN Council – the governing body IUCN World Conservation Congress; Held once every four years; Brings together several thousand leaders and … The World Conservation Union (IUCN) classifies the dugong as vulnerable to extinction at a global scale on the basis of anecdotal evidence of declines in its abundance throughout most of its range. Normally though they will cruise at 10 km/ph (6.2mph) but they can move even slower if they are feeding. 1) in the northern Indian Ocean, is known to be an area where dugongs were abundant historically (Haley 1883, Phillips 1927). Dugongs were once regarded as the only truly herbivorous marine mammal, consuming only sea-grasses (true flowering plants, not -algae), though recent evidence indicates that they also eat small sea animals. IUCN 2020. This website was made possible through generous support from: You must log in to access advanced IUCN Red List functionality. This plan presents a global overview of the status of the dugong and its management throughout its range. https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/styles/publication/public/book_covers/BC-2002-001.jpg, ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). They consume up to 25 per cent of their body -weight in sea-grass each day. Due to hunting, habitat destruction, and fishing-related casualties, dugong populations are thought to be shrinking. It has a range spanning some 37 countries, including tropical and subtropical coastal and island waters. ‘Endangered’ Marine Mammals Freshwater (river) dolphin / South Asian River Dolphin Because of the sound it produces when … Population of the Majestic Asiatic Lion, living in Gujarat’s Gir Forest, is up by almost 29%. The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine. The Species Threat Abatement and Restoration (STAR) Metric, Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. Aside from the dugong, the IUCN categorizes 12 plant and animal species in Japan as critically endangered, including the Sakhalin taimen and the Okinawa sumire. In Australia, dugong are protected under various pieces of legislation. The Green Status of Species assessment measures species’ status against a “fully recovered” baseline, which is unique to each species and is based on three key characteristics (Akçakaya et al. 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